Archives par mot-clé : hagiographie

Séminaires EPHE

Anna Lampadaridi (Marie-Skłodowska Curie Fellow / CNRS HiSoMA) donnera six conférences, les 24 et 31 janvier, les 7 et 21 février, le 14 mars et le 9 mai 2022, dans le cadre du séminaire de Vincent Déroche à l’EPHE.

Traduire le « Père des Traducteurs ».

Recherches sur les versions grecques de la Vie d’Hilarion par Jérôme (BHL 3879)Composée par Jérôme à la fin du 4e siècle, la Vie d’Hilarion fut l’objet de différentes traductions grecques réalisées dans des contextes divers. Le premier volet de nos conférences portera sur la préparation de l’édition critique de la Vie BHG 752, jusqu’ici inédite à l’exception de son début. Cette traduction constitue un cas très rare, que l’on peut rapprocher des traductions latines littérales d’œuvres hagiographiques grecques. Le second volet de nos conférences traitera de différentes réécritures de la légende latine du moine Hilarion dans le monde hellénophone en commençant par la Vie BHG 753 et sa réception à Byzance. 
Les conférences auront lieu au 54, boulevard Raspail 75006 (salle 21), de 10h-12h, et se dérouleront sous format hybride sur Teams. Pour s’inscrire envoyer un mail à l’adresse: anna.lampadaridi@ephe.psl.eu

Seminar 29 November 2021

Translating the Father of Translation. Linguistic and Cultural Transfers in Byzantium

Athens (IHR/NHRF), 29th November 2021

Marie Skłodowska-Curie IF TRANSFA

Horizon 2020 (no 892782)

National Hellenic Research Foundation, Institute of Historical Research (IHR/NHRF), Athens

Société des Bollandistes, Brussels

The Greek dossier of the Vita Sancti Hilarionis (BHL 3879) revisited

Anna Lampadaridi

Marie Skłodowska-Curie Fellow

Latin hagiographical legends that found their way into Greek help us to better understand contacts between West and East during Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages, reversing the traditional perspective represented by the basic flow of translations made from Greek into Latin.

The project aims to contribute to a better understanding of this process through the examination of the dossier of the Greek versions of the Vita Sancti Hilarionis(hereinafter VH) (BHL 3879). This Latin hagiographical text was composed by Saint Jerome, considered as the “Father of Translation”, at the end of the 4th century, in Bethlehem.

The Greek dossier of the VH constitutes an extremely rare case of hagiographical translations from Latin into Greek, as it includes different Greek translations. Ruth Strout (1943) distinguished three basic Greek translations: version I (BHG 752), version II (BHG 753), and the so-called “Samos translation” (BHG 751z).

The project sets out to provide the first complete critical edition of the Life BHG 752. This verbum e verbo translation of the Latin original into Greek will be compared to the Life BHG 753, a free translation of the Latin VH, so as to look into the Byzantine reception of the legend of Hilarion.

The Metaphrastic Vita Sancti Hilarionis (BHG 755)

Laura Franco

Tor Vergata (Roma) / Royal Holloway (London)

The aim of this presentation is to explore the relationship between the Metaphrastic version of the VH (BHL 3879) and one of its premetaphrastic sources, namely what Strout called version II (BHG 753). The Metaphrastic VH still remains unpublished, as it is not included among the Metaphrastic works printed in the Patrologia Graeca.

A preliminary edition of the Metaphrastic version of the VH, based on three manuscripts was included in my PhD dissertation.

For the present analysis I have collated my edition with another three manuscripts, in order to acquire a more complete picture. From this investigation it seemed that most probably Symeon followed the Life BHG 753 (version II), which is compatible with Anna Lampadaridi’s observation that the Life BHG 753 (version II) was the redaction that had a wider circulation. Therefore the linguistic comparison of Symeon’s version is limited to the Life BHG 753 (version II) (though occasionally referring to the premetaphastic versions and to the Latin original).

The analysis of the text is preceded by a brief introduction on the work of Symeon and its importance in the general picture of Byzantine hagiography.

 To remotely attend the Workshop, please click on the zoom link below and register: 

https://us06web.zoom.us/webinar/register/WN_E8wM-AcRS-m14jjePaeijg

“Translating the Father of translation. Linguistic and Cultural Transfers in Byzantium” (TRANSFA)

Marie Curie IF Horizon 2020

Greek hagiographical texts translated from Latin help to better understand contacts between West and East during Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages, reversing the traditional perspective represented by the basic flow of translations made from Greek into Latin.

The project aims to contribute to a better understanding of this process through the examination of the dossier of the Greek versions of the Vita Sancti Hilarionis (hereinafter VH) (Bibliotheca Hagiographica Latina, hereinafter BHL 3879). This Latin hagiographical text was composed by Saint Jerome, considered as the “Father of Translation”, at the end of the 4th century, in Bethlehem. Born around 291, the monk Hilarion is known as the founder of Gazan monasticism. At the age of fifteen, Hilarion settled in a small cell, situated seven miles from Gaza’s anchorage, where he later founded his monastery. Due to a premonition of the imminent destruction of his monastery by the emperor Julian, Hilarion left Palestine. He withdrew to Sicily, later to Dalmatia, and finally to Cyprus, where he died in 371. Although the importance of the VH as a major source for the development of Gazan monasticism has often been stressed, very little critical attention has been devoted to its translations into Greek.

Domenico Ghirlandaio, Saint Jérôme dans son étude

 

The Greek dossier of the VH constitutes an extremely rare case of hagiographical translations from Latin into Greek, a phenomenon not as well documented as the opposite flow of translations, from Greek into Latin, as it includes different Greek translations. At least one Greek translation circulated during the years following the original composition of the VH in Latin: Jerome is referring to the VH as one of his writings that has been translated into Greek[1]. In 1888, Athanasios Papadopoulos-Kerameus[2] edited a Greek translation of the VH, on the basis of a single manuscript (Sabaïticus 27, 10th c.). The work of Ruth Strout (1943)[3] remains up to now the most complete study of the Greek dossier of the VH: having access to a larger number of manuscripts transmitting Greek translations of the VH, she was able to notice that the text transmitted by the Sabaïticus and edited by Papadopoulos-Kerameus was actually a “hybrid”, representing two different Greek translations. The first five chapters correspond to the Life Bibliotheca Hagiographica Graeca (hereinafter BHG 752), a faithful translation of the Latin original, and the remaining text belongs to the Life BHG 753, a free translation. Strout also identified a third Greek translation of the VH, the “Samos translation” (Life BHG 751z). Modern scholars have often failed to distinguish between these different Greek versions of the VH and the dossier has been in disarray for a long time[4].


[1] Jerome, De viris illustribus, 134 (ed. Ceresa-Gastaldo, 1988).

[2] A. Papadopoulos-Kerameus (1963), “Βίος τοῦ ὁσίου πατρὸς ἡμῶν Ἱλαρίωνος”, Ἀνάλεκτα Ἱεροσολυμιτικῆς Σταχυολογίας 5.

[3] R. Strout (1943), “The Greek versions of Jerome’s Vita Sancti Hilarionis”, in W.A. Oldfather, ed., Studies in the text tradition of St. Jerome’s Vitae Patrum, Urbana.

[4] For example, E. Fischer (1982), “Greek Translations of Latin Literature in the Fourth Century A.D.”, Yale Classical Studies 27.

Saint Hilarion, monastère de Hosios Loukas

 

The TRANSFA project will therefore pursue three objectives:

  • 1. The first critical edition of a mostly unknown Greek translation of the VH (Life BHG 752)
  • 2. The “Samos translation” (Life BHG 751z) of the VH revisited
  • 3. An interdisciplinary history of cultural exchanges between Byzantium and the West

This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under the Marie Sklodowska-Curie Grant Agreement no 892782.

It takes place in the National Hellenic Research Foundation (EIE, Athens), in collaboration with the Bollandist Society (Brussels).

Transferts linguistiques et culturels à Byzance

Le présent carnet de recherche est un lieu d’échange et de partage qui se propose de repenser les échanges linguistiques et culturels entre l’Occident latin et l’Orient grec durant l’Antiquité tardive et le Moyen Âge. Il ne sera pas question du flux textuel depuis l’Orient grec vers l’Occident latin, un phénomène bien étudié, mais du mouvement inverse, encore mal connu : c’est-à-dire des textes latins traduits et disséminés dans un monde de langue grecque.
Ce carnet hébergera divers projets de recherche autour de cette thématique et sera adressé à des spécialistes de Byzance et du Moyen Âge occidental, mais aussi à tout lecteur intéressé par les questions relatives aux transferts culturels, notamment par la problématique de la traduction.
Dans un premier temps, le carnet accompagnera un projet de recherche financé par l’Union Européenne (Marie Curie Individual Fellowship) : Translating the Father of Translation. Linguistic and Cultural Transfers in Byzantium (TRANSFA, Horizon 2020 no 892782). Ce projet porte sur les traductions grecques d’un texte hagiographique latin, la Vie de saint Hilarion. Rédigé à la fin du 4e siècle par Jérôme, connu comme le “Père des traducteurs”, ce texte fut traduit en grec du vivant de son auteur en donnant lieu à bon nombre de versions grecques. De par sa richesse et son caractère inédit, ce dossier constitue un bon point de départ pour aborder la question des transferts linguistiques et culturels entre Occident latin et Orient grec durant l’Antiquité tardive et le Moyen Âge.

Rutilio Manetti, Saint Jérôme écrivant